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Home remedies and Co: This helps against colds
Cough, headache and body aches: In the cold season, many people have a cold. Doctors and laypeople argue about what is best to do about it. The choice of medication is huge, but only a few actually work. Simple home remedies, on the other hand, are often much more productive.
Many treat cold symptoms on their own: runny nose, cough, headache: During the cold season, many people suffer from a cold. Hoarseness and fever are often added. For most of those affected, it is then certain to treat the complaints on their own. The selection of medicines that are available for this is enormous. However, since many do not work properly and also often have unpleasant side effects, simple home remedies for colds and other cold symptoms are often available. In a current article, the "world" gives an overview of which medicines and natural remedies can help.
Medications with dangerous side effects First of all, the sheet is devoted to widely used medicines. Preparations with the active ingredients paracetamol and ibuprofen are therefore often used for colds. However, their effects are controversial among experts. In an English study with almost 900 patients in 25 medical practices, it was investigated how ibuprofen and paracetamol alone or in combination affect the course of the disease of an influenza infection. "Overall, there was no effect of any dosage recommendation on the severity of the symptoms," study leader Paul Little told the "Welt". Side effects such as abdominal pain, diarrhea or nausea and vomiting can also occur with ibuprofen. With acetaminophen, it has long been known that the drug can increase the risk of stomach ulcers, heart attack and stroke if the doses are too high.
Vitamin C has no preventive effect Some people take vitamin C supplements regularly to prevent a cold. However, according to the German Nutrition Society (DGE), the assumption that the additional intake of vitamin C protects against colds has not been confirmed in studies. The “world” reports, however, that it has little effect: According to a research team led by Harri Hemilä from the University of Helsinki, colds are a little milder and shorter if you take 200 milligrams of vitamin C a day. "However, we could not demonstrate a preventive effect," said study leader Hemilä.
Nasal sprays only in exceptional cases With a constantly runny nose, some patients resort to nasal sprays. For some, the effect shows up after minutes and often lasts for hours. "But in the long term they dry out the mucous membranes and can even damage them," warned infectiologist Peter Walger from the University Hospital Bonn. The expert recommends using the sprays only in specific cases, "for example before an important conversation". Even nasal douches with salt water are not an alternative, as they protect against new infections, but in the case of an acute cold, they can flush the germs into areas of the airway that have not yet been infected.
Ineffective cough suppressants According to the newspaper, 70 million over-the-counter cough suppressants are sold in Germany every year. However, a team of researchers led by the German physician Knut Schroeder found only a few useful clinical studies on their effectiveness. In this work, the supposed cough reliever was no more effective than a placebo. According to the expert, it is still unclear whether over-the-counter cough suppressants have any use. He advises: "A cough associated with an infection of the upper respiratory tract can be safely left untreated." Simple home remedies for cough, such as curd cheese wrap or various teas, cannot hurt in such cases either.
Zinc for colds Zinc is also an aid for colds. It has been reported in the laboratory that the mineral has been shown to limit the runny nose virus's ability to replicate and its ability to attach to the nasal mucosa and to stimulate certain areas of the immune system. In a Cochrane study, researchers led by the Indian pediatrician Meenu Singh analyzed a total of 16 studies with 1,387 participants and came to the conclusion that taking zinc preparations for more than half a year in children leads to significantly fewer colds and shorter absenteeism at school. According to the doctor, however, "no dosage recommendation can yet be given for prevention". For a cold that has already broken out, she recommends a daily dose of at least 75 milligrams. But only if there are no side effects such as dry mouth, nausea or diarrhea. The World Health Organization (WHO) does not recommend adults a daily ration of more than 15 milligrams a day. Since the mineral is also found in many foods, you don't necessarily have to take food supplements.
Homeopathy is becoming more and more popular. Homeopathy is becoming more and more popular in order to combat illnesses, including colds. The principle behind this is that a remedy, which otherwise causes the symptoms of the runny nose, should change the body in extreme dilution so that the symptoms when the runny nose breaks out are alleviated. As the "Welt" writes, the homeopathic preparation Meditonsin (for a sore throat) generated annual sales of over 20 million euros in Germany. But even if there are various testimonials from doctors and patients, scientific evidence for the effects of homeopathy is in short supply, according to the paper. Proponents and critics will probably continue to argue about the topic in the future.
Honey for cough Honey is also important in naturopathy for colds. Especially to fight the cough. The "Welt" reports that in an Israeli study on 200 small children, eucalyptus and lemon blossom honey in particular provided relief. The frequency and severity of the coughing attacks among the children therefore decreased significantly. The antibiotic ingredients of the bee product are probably the main culprit, but it is also suspected that the honey sugar soothes the areas in the brain responsible for coughing. Buckwheat honey also has cereal anti-inflammatory tannins, and in a U.S. study it was more effective on 105 coughing children than a standard cough syrup containing dextromethorphan. Study leader Ian Paul from Pennsylvania State University praised his great acceptance: "The taste and consistency of honey are simply child-friendly." (Ad)
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